The history of cloud computing

Cloud computing has profoundly changed the way we live our lives . Where did it all begin? Cyber magazine takes a look at the history of cloud computing.

Cloud computing has profoundly changed the way we live our lives and conduct business. Today the cloud is a vital online technology that is used all over the world and since the COVID-19 crisis, the cloud computing market has been on a rapid upward trajectory. Where did it all begin? We take a look at the history of cloud computing. 

1960 Clouds 

Clouds began to form over the technology landscape as early as the 1960s. Computer scientist J.C.R. Licklider had a vision of an interconnected global population that could access programs and data anywhere, from any site and his initial involvement spurred the development of the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET).

1999 Everything over the internet 

In 1999, Salesforce became the first company to offer applications over the internet, heralding the arrival of Software as a Service. Three years later, the industry grew massively with video, music and other media being hosted and delivered online.

2006 Amazon first commercial cloud 

Amazon launched the first commercial cloud – the Elastic Computer Cloud (EC2) in 2006. This was closely followed in 2008 by Google who introduced radical pricing models with free-entry-level plans and low-cost computing and storage services with its Google App.

2010 Microsoft Azure 

Software giant Microsoft entered the cloud market with Azure in 2010, which supports streamlined development of web and mobile apps, to support a rapidly growing mobile industry.

2012 Cloud adoption takes off

A Spiceworks survey noted a significant 71% increase over the previous year in cloud adoption for SMBs, with file sharing (52%) and hosted email (42%) two of the top services used. 

Present day 

Today, the cloud underpins most new technological disruptions, including composable business, and has proven itself during times of uncertainty with its resiliency, scalability, flexibility and speed. Hybrid, multicloud and edge environments are growing and setting the stage for new distributed cloud models.

As a result, global cloud adoption will continue to expand rapidly according to research. Gartner forecasts end-user spending on public cloud services to reach $396 billion in 2021 and grow 21.7% to reach $482 billion in 2022 (see Table 1). Additionally, by 2026, Gartner predicts public cloud spending will exceed 45 per cent of all enterprise IT spending, up from less than 17% in 2021.


Featured Articles

UK Takes Steps to Strengthen Country's Cyber Security

The new government have made cybersecurity one of their top priorities as they lay out their plans for what they intend to do in power

BlueVoyant Launch Platform to Tackle Supplier Attack Surface

BlueVoyant has unveiled a new Cyber Defense Platform which aims to tackle the growing attack surface introduced by the ecosphere of third-party vendors

Irdeto’s Andrew Bunten Talks Securing Online Content Streams

With online streaming services being bigger than ever, Irdeto’s Andrew Bunten explains how they manage to keep streams safe despite the huge attack surface

Fortinet Cyber Survey Shows Global Scope of Skills Gap

Operational Security

What ChatGPT Passing an Ethical Hacking Exam Means for Cyber

Technology & AI

Learn How CTEM can Upskill Your Cyber Strategy

Network Security